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G1 License Rules

August 12, 2013

G1 License DriverThe G1 license is Ontario’s first level in a graduated licensing system that allows new drivers to slowly learn the rules of the road and work their way up to a full driver’s license. During the G1 driving period, there are several rules or conditions that all drivers must adhere to. These rules are in place to allow new drivers to learn and become better drivers, and to avoid some of the more advanced driving conditions that can be dangerous for inexperienced drivers.

G1 License Restrictions

These are the G1 license restrictions in place for all G1 drivers. They must be followed at all times; failure to abide by G1 rules can result in suspension of your learner’s permit as well as a traffic violation. That means it will be a longer period of time before you are able to take the G2 test and move on towards being a fully licensed driver. Follow these rules every time you get behind the wheel.

A Fully Licensed Driver – And No On Else – Must Be in The Passenger Seat

Whenever a G1 driver gets behind the wheel they must be accompanied by a driver who has held their full, unrestricted license for at least four years and who is over the age of 18. In Ontario, this person would be a driver who has held a full G2 license for four years or more.

The driver in the passenger seat must be prepared to take over driving if in becomes necessary. That means they have to maintain a blood alcohol level under the legal limit – in Ontario that limit is 0.05%. There can’t be anyone else in the front seat of the vehicle other than the G1 driver and their fully licensed companion.

A G1 Driver Can’t Drive Between Midnight and 5 a.m.

G1 drivers are required to stay off the road between 12:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m. These hours are statistically the most dangerous time and the most likely time for a new driver to have an accident. Darkness and fatigue are both contributing factors to the higher risk level for all drivers, and thus an even higher risk level for an inexperienced driver.

G1 Drivers Must Have a 0% Blood Alcohol Level

No amount of alcohol is permitted at any time when a G1 driver is getting behind the wheel, even if that driver is of legal drinking age. All G1 drivers must have a 0% blood alcohol level at all times when driving; that means driving completely sober.

All Passengers Must Have a Seat Belt

The number of passengers in the car can’t be more than the number of seat belts the car has. This is a rule that all drivers should follow, but is made clear in the Ontario G1 License Restrictions to ensure that young drivers don’t have too many people causing a distraction in the car while they are driving.

G1 Drivers Are Not Permitted To Drive on 400 Series Highways

The only time a G1 driver can drive on any 400 series highway is if there is a licensed Ontario driving instructor in the vehicle’s passenger seat. Aside from this one exception, G1 drivers must stay off these highways, where high speeds create a greater risk to an inexperienced driver.

How Long These Rules Apply

These rules are in place until you pass your G2 license test. You can take that test after 12 months without a violation of the G1 rules. That time can be reduced to 6 months if you pass an accredited Ontario driver education program, allowing you to go to the next level sooner and lift the G1 license restrictions.

The Risks of Breaking The Rules

These conditions of your G1 license are part of the process of getting a full license. If you break the rules, you could face suspension and a ticket. Beyond that, you are likely to find that your insurance costs will be higher when you do get that G2 license if you already have violations on your record. New drivers are already subject to some of the highest insurance quotes due to the risk they pose; insurance companies see you as an even higher risk if you already have a ticket.

  • http://www.insurancehotline.com/ InsuranceHotline.com


    You are best to check with the Ministry of Transportation at http://www.mto.gov.on.ca

    thank you

  • roni

    If I’m in the car between 12am -5am with a G1 driver and we get pulled over do i get any type of charge? I live in ontario

  • Aly

    So we can have other passengers in the car just as long as the accompanying driver is on the front passenger seat?

  • Jordan allaby

    A G1 Driver Can’t Drive Between Midnight and 5 a.m. so i can drive a lone? Not Between Midnight and 5 a.m.

  • Jordan allaby

    i think its just a ticket

  • InsuranceHotline

    No. A G1 driver must NEVER drive alone

  • Shanmuga Rathnam

    Can there be more than one passenger in a car besides the Fully licensed driver in the front seat when a G1 driver is driving?

  • InsuranceHotline

    You can check with the MTO to see how long drivers training is valid for credit to your G1 time. Here’s a link to their site.

  • Nick

    With an Ontario g1 can I drive in Quebec

  • InsuranceHotline

    you can take your G2 road test now since you have been at the G1 level for over 12 months.

  • shirley

    can you practice driving at 15 before getting g1

  • InsuranceHotline

    No. in Ontario, you must be 16.

  • Beverly

    I JUST got my G1 today (Still haven’t received it in the mail) and it says on the slip that it expires in 4 months. Does that mean I only have 4 months to learn to drive before I HAVE to take my G2? Or can I go and renew the card to last a little longer?

  • InsuranceHotline

    It likely means that your temporary G1 expires in 4 months. When you get your plastic G1 licence in the mail it will be valid for 5 years from the date that you passed the exam.

  • Stephen Jacob

    Can I drive after passing my G1 written test?

  • InsuranceHotline

    You can drive as soon as you pass your G1 exam as long as you have a supervising fully licenced driver in the passenger seat.

  • Stephen Jacob

    What road and what is the speed limit am I allowed to drive?

  • InsuranceHotline

    You must not drive on 400-series highways with a posted speed limit over 80km/h. Also, you must not drive on certain high-speed roads including the Queen Elizabeth Way, Don Valley Parkway and the Gardiner Expressway in the Greater Toronto Area, the E.C. Row Expressway in Windsor and the Conestoga Parkway in Kitchener-Waterloo. However, if your accompanying driver is a driving instructor, you may drive on any road.

  • Stephen Jacob

    Can i drive if the speed limit of the road is 50 up to 60 kph?

  • InsuranceHotline

    You should drive the limit. You can get a ticket for any km’s over the speed limit.

  • Phoenix

    Can a g1 driver be accompanied by a G driver with a suspended license?

  • InsuranceHotline

    No. The G driver must have a fully valid licence in order to accompany a G1 driver.

  • ammar

    Can a g1 drive someone who just broke their water to the hospital

  • InsuranceHotline

    The only way a G1 driver can drive is if they have a fully licenced G driver in the passenger seat.
    Medical emergencies do not negate the G1 restrictions.

  • Jeff Clarke

    Can a G1 drive in harsh weather such as rain or snow?

  • InsuranceHotline

    As long as the G1 driver has a supervising driver with a full G licence they can drive.