Tips For Understanding the G License Levels

By Team
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Ontario’s graduated licensing system has three levels, designed to prepare drivers for the road. Understanding the differences and restrictions at each level makes it easier to navigate the graduated system.

G1, G2 and the full G license are the three stages of the Ontario graduated licensing program. Every driver must go through these stages to get to the full G license. offers tips for understanding the system and what each stage means.

The G1 License

A G1 license is Ontario’s learner’s permit. This level of license is earned by passing a written knowledge test, and it allows the driver to practice with a fully licensed driver in the passenger seat. A G1 driver can’t ever drive alone. This is just one of the restrictions on G1 drivers to help them learn to drive, which are:

  • There must be a driver in the passenger seat who has been fully licensed for at least 4 years and has a 0 blood alcohol level
  • The driver must have a 0 blood alcohol level
  • There can not be more passengers than seatbelts
  • The G1 driver can’t drive between midnight and 5 a.m.
  • Driving on 400-series highways is prohibited

"Failure to follow these rules is serious and can result in license suspension," notes Anne Marie Thomas of The G1 license period ends after a minimum of 12 months and successful passing of the G2 road test. Taking an accredited driver education course can reduce this time.

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The G2 Probational License

The novice driver will hold a G2 license, and the main difference is that they will no longer be required to have a fully licensed driver in the car. This part of the system however does still have restrictions. G2 drivers must follow these rules:

  • The driver must have a 0 blood alcohol level
  • There can not be more passengers than seatbelts
  • Drivers under 19 may not carry more than one passenger during the hours of midnight to 5 a.m., unless the passengers are family members or a fully licensed driver is in the passenger seat

This last restriction is lifted after 6 months of the G2 license, which must be held for a total of 12 months before taking the final road test.

The Full G License

A full G license means that all restrictions are lifted and the graduated system is complete. This process takes an average of two years, and ensures that new drivers take the time they need to work on driving skills and become safe drivers. The advanced road test for the full G license will test a number of skills and require the driver to show smooth handling of the vehicle and an understanding of traffic flow, merging, and more. Insurance quotes are typically lower if the driver is fully licensed.

Once the road test is passed the full license obtained, there are no specific restrictions, but all Ontario drivers are expected to follow the rules of the road. While drivers cannot be sent back through the graduated system, they can still have the license suspended.